Interim Government of India
|Interim Government of India|
|Transition between Imperiala andDemocratic structureb|
God Save the King
The British Indian Empire in 1945.
|•||1946–1947 (first)||Lord Wavell|
|•||1947 (last)||Lord Mountbatten|
|Secretary of State|
|•||1946–1947 (first)||Lord Pethick-Lawrence|
|•||1947 (last)||Earl of Listowel|
|Historical era||Decolonisation of Asia|
|•||Established||2 September 1946|
|•||Indian Independence Act||15 August 1947|
|•||Partition of India||15 August 1947|
|•||1947||4,226,734 km²(1,631,951 sq mi)|
|Currency||British Indian rupee|
|Today part of|
(i) Presidencies and provinces directly governed by theBritish Crown through the Governor-General of India;
(ii) Princely states governed by local Indian rulers under the suzerainty of the British Crown (exercised through the
Governor-General of India).
|b.||through Executive Council.|
|c.||Full title was “Viceroy and Governor-General of India”.|
The interim government of India, formed on 2 September 1946 from the newly elected Constituent Assembly of India, had the task of assisting the transition of India and Pakistan from British rule to independence. It remained in place until 15 August 1947, the date of the independence of the two new nations of India and Pakistan.
After the end of the Second World War, the British authorities in India released all political prisoners who had participated in the Quit India movement. The Indian National Congress, the largest Indian political party, which had long fought for national independence, agreed to participate in elections for a constituent assembly, as did the Muslim League. The newly elected government of Clement Attlee dispatched the 1946 Cabinet Mission to India to formulate proposals for the formation of a government that would lead to an independent India.
The elections for the Constituent Assembly were not direct elections, as the members were elected from each of the provincial legislative assemblies. In the event, the Indian National Congress won a majority of the seats, some 69 per cent, including almost every seat in areas with a majority Hindu electorate. The Congress had clear majorities in eight of the eleven provinces of British India. The Muslim League won the seats allocated to the Muslim electorate.
Viceroy’s Executive Council
The Viceroy’s Executive Council became the executive branch of the interim government. Originally headed by the Viceroy of India, it was transformed into a council of ministers, with the powers of a prime ministerbestowed on the vice-president of the Council, a position held by the Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru. After independence all members would be Indians, apart from the Viceroy, in August to become the Governor-General, Lord Mountbatten, who would hold only a ceremonial position, and the Commander-in-Chief, India, Sir Claude Auchinleck, replaced after independence by General Sir Rob Lockhart.
The senior Congress leader Vallabhbhai Patel held the second-most powerful position in the Council, heading the Department of Home Affairs, Department of Information and Broadcasting. The Sikh leader Baldev Singh was responsible for the Department of Defence and Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari was named to head the Department of Education and arts. Asaf Ali, a Muslim Congress leader, headed the Department of Railways and Transport. Scheduled Caste leader Jagjivan Ram headed the Department of Labour, while Rajendra Prasad headed the Department of Food and Agriculture and John Mathai headed the Department of Industries and Supplies.
Upon the Muslim League joining the interim government, the second highest-ranking League politician, Liaquat Ali Khan, became the head of the Department of Finance. Abdur Rab Nishtar headed the Departments of Posts and Air and Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar headed the Department of Commerce. The League nominated a Scheduled Caste Hindu politician, Jogendra Nath Mandal, to lead the Department of Law.
Cabinet of the Interim Government of India
Although until August 1947 British India remained under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom, the interim government proceeded to establish diplomatic relations with other countries, including the United States. Meanwhile, the Constituent Assembly, from which the Interim Government was drawn, struggled with the challenging task of drafting a constitution for independent India.
The Indian government, led by the BJP Prime Minister Modi, … DENNIS: Today evening, the Delhi high court …
The Jaipur government appointed IPS officer Bhupendra Dak as the Commissioner of Police. While talking to …
Agartala, Aug 22 (IANS) The Tripura government on Monday gave a … give anyinterim direction to …
The Viceroy’s Executive Council became the executive branch of the interim government. Originally headed by the Viceroy of India, it was transformed into a council of ministers, with the powers of a prime minister bestowed on the vice-president of the Council, a position held by the Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru.
After independence, on 15 August 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru assumed office as the first Prime … TheInterim Government of India was formed on 2 September 1946 from the newly elected Constituent Assembly. … as Governor-General until 26 January 1950, when Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India.
Rao Bahadur Vappala Pangunni Menon CSI, CIE (30 September 1893 – 31 December 1965) … When the interim Government had collapsed due to the rivalry between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League, Menon had proposed to Mountbatten, Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Indian …
The Viceroy’s Executive Council was the cabinet of the government of British India headed by … 4.1 Members of Interim Government … Crown which was empowered to appoint a Viceroy and Governor-General of India to head the government in India. …. External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations,Jawaharlal Nehru.
On 2nd September 1946 the Interim Government of India was formed from the newly … from the Constituent Assembly of India (which was then newly elected). … Jawaharlal Nehru was the VicePresident of the council and he held powers of a …
2 days ago – 1946. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was appointed head of India’s interim government. … M.Hidayatullah retired from the post of acting President.
In August 1946, Congress decided to join the Interim Government in … Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Vice-President and Member in-charge of External … Some members appointed earlier resigned to make room for the Muslim League nominees.
Sep 2, 2015 – The interim government of India was formed on September 2, 1946 from the newlyelected Constituent Assembly. … Vice President of the Executive Council: Jawaharlal Nehru (INC) Home Affairs, Information and …
The arrangement was: (i) 292 members were elected through the Provincial … and (iii) 4 members represented the Chief Commissioners’ Provinces. … On 13 December, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehrumoved the Objectives Resolution … India, its constituent parts and organs of government, are derived from the people; and.
Jun 5, 2012 – Here in this article I shall briefly deal with the appointment of the First Prime Minister of India in 1946. … However, despite Gandhiji’s open support for Jawaharlal Nehru, the … Even after Nehru’s election as President of the Congress had … Nehru, as Congress President, to form anInterim Government.
Searches related to pandit nehru appointed head of interim government