Genghis Khan, the Mongol leader who forged an empire stretching from the east coast of China west to the Aral Sea, died in camp during a campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.
Bajirao I, the second peshwa, was born.
On this day in 1795, President George Washington signed the Jay (or “Jay’s”) Treaty with Great Britain.
Fort William College was established at Calcutta.
Pandit Vishnu Digambar Paluskar Gadgil, who provided new heights to North Indian classical music, was born at Kundanwadi at Kolhapur distrist in Maharashtra.
Raghupati Sahay “Firaq Gorakhpuri”, revolutionary Urdu poet, was born. He was honoured with the highest literary awards, including the Sahitya Academy Award in 1960 and Bharatiya Gyanpeeth Award in 1969. His notable works include “Ruh-e-Kayenaat (Spirit of Universe, 1945)” and “Ramz-O-Kinayaat”.
Vijayalakshmi Pandit, first woman President of U.N.O. General Assembly, was born.
Madam Bhikaji Cama, addressed the International Socialist Congress at Stuttgart, Germany.
On this day in 1917, the Italian army launched their 11th battle against Austro-Hungarian troops on the Isonzo River, near Italy’s border with Austria-Hungary.
The 19th Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land. The amendment was the culmination of more than 70 years of struggle by woman suffragists.
On this day in 1941, Adolf Hitler orderd that the systematic murder of the mentally ill and handicapped be brought to an end because of protests within Germany.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose left Saigon and was believed to have died in a Japanese aeroplane crash at Taihoku Airport in Taiwan.
Indian Institute of Technology was opened in Kharagpur, West Bengal.
Assam Assembly dissolved (18).
President R Venkataraman presented the colours to the Officers Training Academy in recognition of their services to the Nation.
The Transport Development Council decided to abolish Pathkar (entry tax) and increase the fee for national permit from Rs. 1500 to Rs. 5000.
Parvati Giri, also called the Little Mother Teresa, died in Orissa. She was 69. She was a social worker and had taken part during the Quit India movement.
Shanvac-B, India’s first genetically engineered vaccine for Hepatitis B was launched.