World’s highest railway bridge, taller than Eiffel, being built in the Himalayas.
Indian engineers are toiling in the Himalayas to build the world’s highest railway bridge which is expected to be 35 metres taller than the Eiffel Tower when completed by 2016.
The arch-shaped steel structure is being constructed over the Chenab River to link sections of the spectacular mountainous region of India’s northern Jammu and Kashmir state.
The bridge is expected to be 359 metres (1,177 feet) high when completed — surpassing the world’s current tallest railway bridge over the Beipanjiang River in China’s Guizhou province, which stands at 275 metres high.
“It is an engineering marvel. We hope to get this bridge ready by December 2016,” a senior Indian Railways official told AFP.
“The design would ensure that it withstands seismic activities and high wind speeds,” he said Wednesday.
Work on the bridge started in 2002 but safety and feasibility concerns, including the area’s strong winds, saw the project halted in 2008 before being green-lighted again two years later.
The estimated cost of the project, which is being handled by Konkan Railway Corporation, a subsidiary of state-owned Indian Railways, is $92 million.
The bridge will connect Baramulla to Jammu in the Himalayan state with a travel time of six-and-a-half hours, almost half the time it currently takes.
The main arch is being erected using two cable cranes attached on either side of the river which are secured on enormous steel pylons, according to engineers of the project.
The 1,315-metre long bridge will use up to 25,000 tonnes of steel with some material being transported by helicopters due to the tough terrain, they said.
“One of the biggest challenges involved was constructing the bridge without obstructing the flow of the river,” the railways official said.
“Approach roads had to be constructed to reach the foundations of the bridge,” he added.
What would you do if a man were to abuse you because of the color of your skin or your country of origin? Most of us would be very angry or sad, but what Aminur Chowdhury did to a racist British citizen was the exact opposite.
Ben Gallon, a homeless British man had racially abused Aminur. Aminur realized that arguing was not going to help. So he decided to reform Ben through an innovative approach.
Aminur asked for Ben’s contact details, and asked him if he could come and pick him up the next day for an interview. At first Ben thought Aminur was joking or just being polite. But the next day, Aminur actually arrived in his car, took Ben to his friend’s place for the interview, and Ben got the job!
Touched by this gesture, Ben admitted his mistake and apologized to Aminur.
Aminur believes that tolerance is the best response to any form of hate and racism. He believes that the more love you show, the more the others will love you.
Aminur made us realise that we belong to the land of Gandhi.
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After the amazing answers by and others, I think most of what anyone will have to say is covered. I’ll just add these three:
The best performance in terms of number of medals won in an Olympic by India.
This man who is of an Indian origin, winning one of the most prestigious awards for we know of!Manjul Bhargava.
And this man, becoming the CEO of Microsoft. Satya Nadella
My vote goes to a very recent incident.
A Sikh man removed his turban, thus breaking strict religious protocol, to help a profusely bleeding child who had been injured in an accident in New Zealand. He was hailed a hero all across the world and certainly made our hearts swell with pride.
Humanity before Religion.
During US President Barack Obama’s visit to the country earlier this year, the incidence below filled my heart with immense pride.
We all know that many Indian delegates were lined up in a queue and were introduced to Mr.Obama individually.
Amongst them, was Dr. Raghunath Mashelkar, former Director General of
the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR). On his turn, he was also introduced as a scientist to Mr.Obama. As Dr.Mashelkar approached the US President, Obama exclaimed ” OH! You are a scientist? What science do you do?” Dr. Mashelkar is a reputed and a revered personality in the country and he had never encountered such a question before. But, he kept calm and replied, ” I make science work for the poor.”
7.Saina Nehwal- World no 1
Saina Nehwal created history on Saturday as she became the first Indian woman shuttler to attain the world number one ranking.
1)The Indian Army : Indias. Yet it has kept away from politics.
2)The ISRO Space Program : Since 1975 (with ‘Arybhatta’ launch), it has made INSAT (Indian Satelite System) a household name.
3)The Nuclear Team : Now in the great game, India counts!
4)The Constitution : Formally enforced on 26 Jan 1950. “If democracy is religion, the constitution is the Gita & Quran of sovereign India. Has 84 amendments.
5)The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) : Has build 32, 800 km road network linking Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Jammu & Kashmir. Former in 1962 after Indi-China war. Recently dedicated 160 km Manipur (March) – Myanmar (Tamu) road called ‘The Burma Roda’ on Feb 13, 2001.
6)Sewa (The self – Employed Women`s Association) : Founded by Lawyer turned leader from Ahmadabad, Ela Bhatt in 1975, its still a labour union. It safeguards impoverished self employed women, 2 lacs no. in 7 states. It has set up 71 co-operatives of various trades to share expertise, each having 1,000 members. It has a microfinance bank since 1974 that has now 70,000 accounts with 96% repayment rate on its loans! “Self help works”!
7)The Supreme Court : It has given a distinct meaning to the fundamental rights of activities except in 1975-77. Since 80`s, it has expanded the scope of public – interest litigations.
8)The IIMs (Indian Institute of Management) : Ahmedabad`s IIM is toughest in the world to get into, ahead of Harward Business School, Columbia Univ. in course content. Its fifth – after Yale, Hardward, IE & Paris Haunte Etudes Comm. Today these are 6 IIMs – Ahm, Kolkata, Banglore, Lucknow, Indore and Koochikode & clock an average pay Rs. 21 lacs per year.
9)The Udupi Dosa : From Udipi, Karnataka – the birth place of Hindu Sant Madhav Acharya, who set up the Puthing Krishna Math here, one of the 7 centers of Hindu Pilgrims. “Udipi not be a chain, but it is a symbol, even a brand.”
10)The Mumbai Dabbawallas : With efficiency rate of 99.999999, one error six million transactions a Six Sigma rating by Forbes Global, a weekly American business mags, each day 3,500 of them collect, deliver & return back tiffins to 1.5 lacs office goers. Secret : Coding colors & numbers; mistake – 1 in 2 months. Rate : Rs. 140 / tiffin / month only.
11)The Chipko Movements of 70s : Women were the spear heads of it as they were the worst sufferes due to environmental degration. It led the UP Govt. to ban felling of trees in high slopes of Himalaya. It finally led to birth of the Dept. of Environment.
12)India Mark II Hand Pumps : A Sholapur mechanics design brought water round the clock for < Rs. 4,800 in 1975 (today appr. Rs. 10,000) with nearly 30 lakhs units today installed with polypropylene washers & galvanished steel parts to prevent rusting. Today, it`s Mark III & is still very simple. It has been exported to Africa and Latin America.
13)The Check Dams : It reduced irrigation cost to Rs. 5,000 to 8,000 compared to a large dam & canal network that costs > 2 lac to service. Initital investment for these depends on size (Rs. 20,000 to 6 lakh) and can be recovered in 1 – 2 seasons. Also the maintenance skill and finance are nominal. Gujarat kicked off a scheme to build 2,500 check dams. It is now in 6 states. Have you not seen a long cement barrier which is hardly 2 – 3 feet wide running across the whole river? It is a check dam.
14)Free Press : There are 75,000 dailies, 16,000 weecklies & 76,000 fortnightlies in all Indian languages!
15)Amul : Technically, the Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers Union Ltd was setup in 1946 to break the cartel of milk contractors. Today, Operation Flood has India the world`s largest milk producers (> 78 million tones a year).
16)The Jaipur Foot : The Rs. 1,500 per unit which takes 45 min to make one, which lasts for 5 years & allows a person to walk, run & lift weights – has also established centres in Phillipines, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Honduras & Panama. Thanks to human God wood carver Ram Chandra who used Vulcanised rubber & wood & learnt leg anatomy from doctors at Sawai Mansingh Hospital, Jaipur. Dr. Ram Karan Sethi, orthopedic surgeon, was instrumental to popularis it. He won Rotary`s highest award in 2001 for it.
17)Yoga : By practicing ‘the kechri mudra’, Devraha Baba, the sage of Vrindavan, is claimed to have lived for 700 years! This 5,000 yr holistic science was noticed in Indus Valley seal of a yogi & later codified by Patanjal in 2nd century B.C.
18)The Indian Cricketers : For Indians, cricket is a religion. Every cricketer who plays for India receives a cap with a number on it, indicating his place in the list of Test Players. Parthieve Patel is No. 244
19)The Indian Joint Family : It is the basic unit of Indian society, it lumbers on unworried, unhurried, taking you with it, sometimes inspite of you.
20)The Indian Railway : It has a network of 1 lakh and 9,000 kms (2nd in world); 7,000 stations; runs 13,000 trains daily, ferries 1 million passengers a day; has the longest tunnel, the highest stations, has 1.2 lac bridges on railways, is the largest railway in the world and is nation`s largest employer – 1.65 million employes. What transports India? Resilence & railways.
21)Mumbai`s Shivaji Park : This 1 sq. km land is home to 8 cricket clubs, 30 playing strips & has minimum 60 daily nets. Since 1925 it has 2 tennis courts, a mini-park for children & a Ganesh Temple which Sachin Tendulkar still vists regularly past midnight. Its metaphor for Indian cricket itself.
22)Lijjat Papad : March 1959 – 7 women from poor families gather on terrace in Mumbai`s Girgaon locality & produce 4 packets of papads on borrowed sum of Rs. 80. Today : Bandra based Shri Mahila Girha Udyog Lijjat Papad is an operation with 60 centres countrywide involving 40,000 women & annual sales of > Rs. 300 crores. Motto : Self Help
23)STD Booths : 2o years ago, making a long distance call was a nightmare – it meant exasperarted shouting, a habbit still imprinted in Indian DNA – it has come to a point where even zero is a number of value : 022.
24) General Election :619 million voters for 1999 GE made Indian elections the largest in the world.
25)Angadia Courier Systems : Since 1925, based entirely on trust & that too mainly amongst diamond traders of Gujarat 60 firms & 5000 plus employees strap on the diamonds & stones or simply carry them in an ordinary bag to courier. It’s as simple as that!
26)Kerela : ‘Gods paradise by National Geography Magazine.
27)Tha Dhaba : Be a Mercedes or a Fiat, the tradition of the stop still endures. Secrets : very tasty food, quick service & unbelievable prices.
28)Indian Advertising : Sheer talent to communicate in a land as diverse as India & as complex as Bharat brings FEVICOL a GOLD Lion at annula Cannes Int. Advt. Awards in June. Most of our advs. have soul.
29)Indian Handicrafts : Be it tribal or Gujarat, it is taken with gurantee. That is it`s tribute.
30)The Bicycle : Dons largest makers (nearly 6 million a year).
31)The Sari : It exposes a strategic circumference of skin & there are 100 different ways of wrapping it without any accessory. It`s eternal folds gives elegance & a sensual appeal which is timeless & enduring.
32)Bollywood :300 feature films a year; annual turnover of Rs. 6,000 crore; jobs to 7.2 million people & it gives Indians a chance to forget droughts, power cuts, politicians & lost Cricket Matches. It is a window to our soul.
33)The NRI : 20 million people world wide account for an economic output of about $400 billion (Rs. 19,20,000 crore). They are living tribute to Indian enterprise.
34)Kabadiwalas : One of the most efficient & low key recycling systems in the world, India recycles 60% of its plastic waste (Japan 12%, China 10%) with the help of 1 million kabadiwalas.
35)The Ethnic Chic : The intelligent reinvention is such that it has caught fancy of the world & resuscitated many proud possesors of India which were on the verge of extinction e.g. Santhal Lute.
36)The Indian Beauty : India has won 2 Miss Universe & 3 Miss World titles since 1984. This has permanently changed the perception of women in urban India.
37)The Indian Novel : The new lot : Arundhati Roy, Salman Rushdie, Vikram Seth, Amita Gosh, U. Chatterjee made in Indian Novel in English saleable & Brooker worthy.
38)The Green Revolution : The Green Revolution – Urged by Agriculture minister in 65-67, C. Subramanium, scientist indigenized Mexican wheat & ‘Kalyan Sona’ & ‘Sonalika’ were born. Today, we are self sufficient in foodgrain production (71-47 million tones of wheat last year).
39)Ayurveda : 60 uses of neem tree. Ever imagined? That`s Ayurveda since 5,000 years.
40)Mid-Day Meal Scheme : From July 1, 1982, Chief Minister MGR fed 6-8 million poor TN children one 400 calaroie meal every day at 52,000 centres (mostly schools) costing Rs. 15 crore a year. All scoffed at & grumbled. But the response : astounding. Parents made sure that the children go to school. It saw TN`s population growth rate fall dramatically. Its now just 1%.
41)Indian Spiritualism : India attracts spiritual travelers of the world & its own too. It is not maya or illusion. Its real. For peace, it is home.
42)Sulabh Souchalaya : Sulabh International, a NGO is Delhi-based & has helped set up 75 lakh units in India – earning a commission for each toilet system sold & maintains 5,000 payer – use public toilet & bath complexes in India in cities. Just consider this : Only 1% of rural & 20% of urban population has access to sanitary facilities.
43)Vividh Bharati : 30 uninterrupted years for 14 hours a day from almost 200 stations, with population coverage of 97%. It is ahead of FM radio, DD & Cable TV & that too for a maximum Rs. 200 radio which is portable & can be taken anywhere.
44)Kokatta Metro : This 16.45 km strech can be covered in 32 min & took 15 years to make when it was agreed in 1973 for Rs. 1800 crore. It is a showcase of cleanliness & success amid filth & chaos in Kolkatta.
45)IITs : 7 IITs – Kharagpur (the first one in 1951) Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Guwhati & Roorkee. Conceived by PM Nehru, produce about 2,000 grduates a year.
46)Jugaad (Real Hidi ‘Jugaad’) : Indian innovativeness – a bicycle wheel run on the roof top is a TV antenna, ‘Maruta’, a Punjab rural transport vehicle fashioned from a pump, wood plants, cannibalized stearing, tyres & other junk; making lassi in liters in a modified washing machines; kitchen knives sharpened for decades by on grind wheels powered by pedaling a stationary bicycle & dosa mix in churned by a motarised pestle in households & restaurants.
47)Mumbai`s Transport : Probably the only city in the world with ‘the city centre’ actually lodged at southern tip & the suburban at the other end, rush hour is a unidirectional frenzy. But the 3,380 BEST buses, > 1 lakh taxis & > 50,000 Autos & the ‘local’ – the network of 162 suburban network & carrying passangers 4 times their capacity & also boasting of a ‘ladies only’ train, epitomizes the city`s spirit.
48)The Curry : The curry, tikka masalas & the dal makhani – do we have to prove that it is Indian? But casual cooking has curry in trouble today : 2 Japenese patent agencies have an application pending that could give then exclusive rights to the general process of making it.
49)The Silent Valley : So called due to near absence of omnipresent crickets that provide the background hum in most tropical forests in India, this valley is one of the richest in fauna & flora & is in the Western Ghats in Kerela. It is in top 10 biodiversity spots in world.
50)Infotech Revolution : It made global corporation move their backroom operations to India & Indians. NASSCOM projects $60 BILLION or so in software exports by 2008, more than India`s total exports today.
51)Indian Post : Consider : it is the largest in the world, with 1.5 lakh post offices (even in centre of Thar desert); with 1 > million money orders a month; with postal banking system effectively the biggest small savings institution in the country; with over 25 lakhs postal life insurance policies but with the festival ‘baksheesh’ included.
52)Nehru Jacket : Sean Connery, the original Bond was in it in Dr. No & comedian Mike Myers sported it in Austin Powers. Even Nelson Mandela & Tony Blair are fond of it.
53)Tirumala Devasthanam : India`s richest Hindu temple with income of nearly Rs. 500 crore a year, attracting an average 45,000 devotees on a learn day & nearly 2 lakhs on New Yearly Day also symbolizes superb management & crowd control.
54)Darjeeling tea : ‘Indias Association gurads it by marking premium tea with special logo.
55)Unity in Diversity : 18 major languages; 29 major festivals; 6,400 castes & subcastes; 7 union territories; 28 states; 6 major religions; 1,600 minor languages & dialects; 52 major tribes; 6 major ethnic group – 1 country.
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Nov 10, 2013 – swept away in the turbulent flood waters. Probably the … the genesis of two major flashfloods, viz. … buses by the roaring Alaknanda river.
2 days ago – 12-July-1932, The 16,000-foot Shyok ice dam in the Himalayas bursts flooding the Indus Valley at Kashmir. 12-July- … 12-July-1970, Major flood in Alaknanda river resulted in sweeping ofbuses and claimed 600 lives. 12-July- … 10 JUL 1972 ELEPHANTS STAMPEDED 24 KILLED IN CHAND… 10 JUL …
Jul 1, 2013 – In the flood-ravaged Alaknanda valley of Uttarakhand, the sky that hangs … over 15,000 people have been killed although the government estimates are lower. … Major Manish Dhaka, also posted at the Joshimath camp, says, “This … being evacuated, those with numbers above 600 needn’t brave the sun …
Jun 30, 2013 – In the flood-ravaged Alaknanda valley of Uttarakhand, the sky that hangs … over 15,000 people have been killed although the government estimates are lower. … and mindless building activities on the river resulted in this disaster. … Major Manish Dhaka, also posted at the Joshimath camp, says, “This is a …
Jul 5, 2013 – Map showing the location of flood affected areas in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. … The bridge at Lambagar over the Alaknanda River is badly damaged and … The official further said that about 300 pilgrims and 600 locals still … As soon as the rescue operations finish, the main focus will then shift to …
Jun 17, 2013 – Monsoon fury in Uttarakhand and HP, Delhi airport flooded … a trail of death and devastation across Uttarakhand killing 30 people, injuring 19 and damaging 164 buildings. Both Mandakini and Alaknanda, major tributaries of the Ganga, are … A cloud burst in Rambada resulted in 50 people missing, mostly …
Fire swept through a six-story hotel, killing at least 73 persons, many of whom …. Zambezi River watershed, resulting in severe flooding in these countries and along …. the city of Hardwaru to the Badrinath temple plunged into the Alaknanda River; … A bus fell from a mountain road in the central Andes 183 m (600 ft) into a …
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human settlement of hazard-prone areas as a result of population pressure, … Floods and landslides during the monsoon season are the most common …. February, 1993; the Kaliasaur landslide inAlaknanda Valley, on 19th … southern India, about 100 persons have been killed and about 600families ….. the bus stand.
Jun 18, 2013 – Both the Bhagirathi and the Alaknanda — the two major cen- …. huge flood (exact date unknown) swept away one-third of the town. By 1803 …