Vasco De Gama departed with his fleet from Lisbon Harbour for a trip to India .
In Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell rang out from the tower of the Pennsylvania State House (known as Independence Hall), summoning citizens to the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, by Colonel John Nixon. On July 4, the historic document was adopted by delegates to the Continental Congress meeting in the State House. However, the Liberty Bell, which bore the apt biblical quotation, “Proclaim Liberty Throughout All the Land unto All the Inhabitants Thereof,” was not rung until the Declaration of Independence returned from the printer on July 8.
Elphinstone Picture Palace was started by Jamshedji F. Madan at Calcutta.
Montagu – Chelmsford Report was published. This report was prepared to reform the legislature of India. This report was made by Edwin Montagu who was the Secretary of States for India and Lord Chelmsford, who was the Viceroy.
The King opened India House in the Aldwych, appealing for peace in India at London.
On this day in 1943, upon the German army’s invasion of Pskov, 180 miles from Leningrad, Russia, the chief of the German army general staff, General Franz Halder, records in his diary Hitler’s plans for Moscow and Leningrad: “To dispose fully of their population, which otherwise we shall have to feed during the winter.”
On this day in 1951, Paris, the capital city of France, celebrated turning 2,000 years old. In fact, a few more candles would’ve technically been required on the birthday cake, as the City of Lights was most likely founded around 250 B.C.
Maj. Dale R. Ruis and Master Sgt. Chester M. Ovnand became the first Americans to be killed in the American phase of the Vietnam War when guerrillas strike a Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) compound in Bien Hoa, 20 miles northeast of Saigon.
25 tonnes of gold was moved to London from India to raise $ 200 million loan.
Mathematical Olympiad was held in Mumbai – the first time in India (from 08-17, 1996).